Tonsillitis is a case of inflamed tonsil glands. For those who suffer them as a chronic condition, it can recur often. There are ways to cure a sore throat or a common cold to take such proportions. With home remedies that can aid the reduction of inflammations from increasing in size and to avoid harmful infections, tonsillitis needs treatments done in time.
What is Tonsillitis?
Chronic tonsillitis is a recurring condition caused by bacterial or viral infections of the tonsils, which leads to enlarged glands and soreness and discomfort in swallowing as well as pain. Tonsils in such a condition swell as well as lead to persistent pain in jaw and throat areas. This condition, seen in adolescents and children, mostly under 15 years of age, can also be seen in adults who suffer from persistent tonsillitis. When someone suffers from a tonsil infection, they often need surgery to be relieved of these symptoms and to ensure that there are no infections in the future.
Signs and Symptoms of Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis starts out as a cold or could be a throat infection. The signs and symptoms of this condition are listed below:
- First signs are that of soreness or an infection in the throat.
- Additional symptoms are seen, such as fever and earaches.
- Tonsil glands are swollen and people have difficulty opening their mouth.
- Enlarged tonsils lead to difficulty in swallowing. Parents need to look out for the symptoms like ear ache and fever that persists or recurs, which showcase tonsillitis as apart from the common cold.
- Other symptoms are a feeling of fatigue, stomach pain, and nausea.
The first symptom of tonsillitis is that of a sore throat. The symptoms might appear suddenly or could develop in a steady manner, usually in the form of swollen and reddened tonsils. Tonsils get covered by a yellow or grey coating. The region around throat gets red or swollen as lymph nodes swell and increase in size in order to ward off infection.
Children or babies who are affected often drool when they have problems swallowing. Young children or even adults inflicted with tonsillitis face problems eating. Young children who cannot verbalize how they feel often fuss and are unable to sleep well at night.
Children also complain of stomach aches or an earache. These aches could lead to a headache as well. Children who have tonsillitis in a persistent manner also develop fever, which is over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Though the signs are mostly found in children, tonsillitis can also develop in adults, as a result of lowered immunity.
Causes of Tonsillitis
This condition is caused as the lymph tissues in the throat region are found to be inflamed. Tonsil tissues dangle in the back of the throat region and are also present in the roof of mouth; these tissues are called adenoids. Both kinds of tissues could be affected and lead to inflamed tonsils when tonsillitis is caused. Tonsils assist the immune system; they act as the first line of defense when germs enter the body. They remain exposed to different kinds of viruses and bacteria; these infect the tonsils along with parasites and fungi as well.
Causative factors could be several
- Common viruses usually lead to inflamed tonsils but bacteria could also be the cause.
- Streptococcus pyogenes is a common bacterium which leads to tonsillitis.
- There are other strep bacterial strains that can cause tonsil infections.
When the tonsils are infected, there is swelling and pus-like discharge from the tonsils. Patients suffer from a sore throat; feel as well as suffering from bad breath. The swelling of the tonsils can make it difficult to breathe or to swallow and patients also have problems sleeping properly.
Home Remedies Treatment of Tonsillitis
Certain home remedies can help in thwarting a sore throat and prevent it from developing into a more serious ailment. The top ten popular home treatments are discussed below:
Honey is known to soothe a sore throat and acts as a cough suppressant. One can drink tea with honey or warm water in which lemon and honey are mixed. It is a recommended cure for respiratory tract infections. Children can be given 2 teaspoons of honey before bedtime. This helps to suppress a cough and promotes sleep.
2. Chamomile Tea
This is a soothing drink that is made from chamomile tea leaves, known for their medicinal properties. A tea drink made from simmering the leaves will help one to enjoy a warm brew that will provide astringent, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties to one’s body. As the drink passes over the tonsil glands it helps to soothe and heal the inflamed tonsils and provides relief from the feeling of pain and discomfort. It would provide instant relief.
Salt is known to help kill harmful bacteria. For those who are suffering from tonsillitis, it is recommended that they gargle with warm water to which salt is added. This will help to bring down the inflammations as well as reduce swelling. It is a recommendation that doctors do as well, besides any medication or treatment that they might prescribe. People suffering from swollen tonsillitis are asked to gargle and every few hours as well as before bedtime.
This might be the ingredient that you find in products that freshen your breath, but the essential oil of peppermint also helps in relieving sore throats. The peppermint essential oil needs to be used in diluted form, such as in warm water while gargling that will help to thin mucus accumulation, help to calm the irritation in sore throats and swollen glands. It is known to have antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is best to not use the essential oil with a carrier oil such as coconut oil, sweet almond oil or olive oil in any home remedy treatment.
5. Gargle with Baking Soda Solution
Just as salt water gargle has its benefits, a solution made of baking soda mixed with salt water would work as well. It would be best to make a solution with a cup of warm water to which you add one fourth a teaspoon of baking soda, one eighth a teaspoon of salt. This can be used to gargle every three hours to soothe an irritated throat.
This is an herb that is known to have several beneficial health effects. It comes in different forms. Dried leaves and seeds are used in cooking; fenugreek oil is used as a topical application while fenugreek tea or infusion is known for its several health benefits. Dried fenugreek leaves can be soaked in warm water and this can be a drink that helps to reduce tonsil infections. The healing powers of fenugreek are several including antifungal and antibacterial properties. However, pregnant women are advised to avoid fenugreek.
7. Slippery Elm
This is known to be a beneficial ingredient that can help to coat inflamed tissues and soothes a sore throat. It has the mucus-like substance that coats the tissues inflamed. The powdered bark can be taken and boiling water poured over it; this can be stirred and then drunk. Slippery elm is known to be a traditional remedy used to soothe throat infections.
8. Marshmallow Root
This root, like slippery elm, is known to contain mucus-like substance; it coats as well as soothes a sore throat. It comes as a dried root that can be added to a cup of boiling water. Once an infusion is made, this can be sipped as tea several times a day to ease the pain and discomfort.
9. Apple Cider Vinegar
This natural substance is often found in kitchens and can help to fight infections of different kinds, including throat infections. Throats that are raw due to a consistent cough can be treated by gargling with warm water in which a spoonful of apple cider vinegar is added. The acidic properties help to cut down mucus build up in the throat. A spoonful of vinegar added to a cup of warm water and gargled several times in a day will have positive effects.
10. Licorice Root
This is another natural ingredient that is known for curing sore throats. This natural herb is known to strengthen the immune system as well as provide relief from stress and pain associated with respiratory illnesses. Research shows that when licorice root is mixed with water to create a solution, this can be used to gargle and soothe the inflamed tissues of the tonsil glands.
In most cases, tonsillitis symptoms, when treated with effective home cure solutions, disappear in a time span of 10 days. However, persistent high fever, stiff neck, sore throat for 3 days should warrant a visit to the doctor.
You would want to know how to cure tonsils fast. Tonsils are two tissue clumps located on either side of a human throat. These are glands that fight off viruses and bacteria that enter through the mouth. The adenoids which are tissue clusters located in the nasal cavity also perform similar functions. Adenoids and tonsils are thus prone to infections, especially in youngsters who have immune systems that are still developing. It can also occur in adults with reduced immunity. Chronic tonsillitis is a recurring condition and doctors treat such infections by removing the tonsil tissues. They might perform a tonsillectomy as well as adenoidectomy to get rid of tonsils.
Tonsillectomy is proposed by doctors when the tonsils are prone to getting infected and a person suffers from recurring tonsillitis.
- With such a condition the enlarged tonsils interfere with the breathing, swallowing functions.
- It can lead to an earache and fever, which increases discomfort and suffering, especially in young children.
- It can also lead to obstructive sleep apnea when breathing is blocked during sleep.
- Tonsillectomy is also done to treat cancerous tissues that can develop in tonsil glands.
- There might be bleeding from tonsils as well as surrounding areas.
- Doctors might detect a peritonsillar abscess that is pus collected around the infected tonsil area.
When the above symptoms or conditions are found doctors usually perform the tonsillectomy procedure. This is done by cutting through the skin of the throat for enlarged tonsils and it is a minor surgery in most cases unless there are other complications involved.
Preparing for the Procedure
Before the procedure anti-inflammatory medicine is prescribed, usually two weeks before the surgery is scheduled. This helps to reduce inflammation as well as control the infection and for tonsil pain relief. It also helps lessen the bleeding. The night before tonsillectomy patients are advised to fast; this helps reduce the risk of becoming nauseous when the anesthetic is given.
About the Procedure
Among the different procedures followed for removing lingual tonsils, the common method is the use of a cold knife or steel dissection. Here the surgeon removes tonsils with a scalpel as in a normal surgery.
Another way is the use of tonsillectomy; this involves burning away of tissues, a process known as cauterization. Ultrasonic vibrations or the use of sound waves is also used in certain procedures.
No matter what procedure is used, such procedures take about half an hour. Patients are administered the general anesthetic. There is no feeling of pain and the patient is awakened after the procedure is over. Most people are released the same day when tonsillectomy is done.
The procedure of tonsillectomy is more or less a routine procedure. There might be effects of surgery such as swelling that remains; infection post-surgery, bleeding or any reaction that the patient feels after anesthetics is administered.
The procedure of adenoidectomy is a similar surgical procedure. Here the lymphoid tissue mass behind nasal passages is removed to prevent repeated infections. Usually, adenoid infections lead to obstruction in breathing, ear and sinus infections.
Adenoidectomy is usually conducted after administering anesthetics; adenoids are removed through the mouth cavity. No extensive incisions have been done from the base of the tissues is cauterized in this procedure.
Once recovery is done patients can expect to be free from the chronic effects of tonsillitis. There are follow-ups to be done with the doctor as well as tests, depending on the origin of tonsillitis in a patient.